Data Sheet – Fate of Education In Gaza due to Recurrence of Conflicts and the 2020 COVID 19 Pandemic

Re: “Access to Online Education”

October 2020 – Gaza Strip

Survey Initiand as a research component for IDR2 course as a core requirement for the study of

Mater of International Development – IntD

At RMIT University – Australia – Melbourne

Collaborative Efforts

Survey initiated & Prepared by Amani Al Amad – RMIT IntD Master Student – Melbourne Australia

Survey revised and approved by TCC General Manager: Mr. Refaat Sabbah – Ramallah Palestine

Survey Authorized by the Palestinian Ministry of Education and High Education

Survey edited, electronically generated, and conducted by TCC Team – Gaza

Introduction and Objectives

CTT is a nonprofit Education Development Center in Palestine. TCC is the Industry Partner for the research conducted by Amani AL Amad, a Master’s Student at RMIT University- Melbourne Australia.

The survey was constructed upon need to actual data that supports the ministry of education decision to conduct online education for the academic year 2020 – 2021 as a response to the pandemic breakout. The survey aims to exploring the readiness of parents and education schooling institutes to participating in online education through exploring some infrastructure aspects of online education.

A total of 1,000 surveys were distributed to parents, teachers, and administrative educational staff that includes social workers, counselors, and principals. The survey was conducted in October 2020 in Gaza Strip. The survey was distributed electronically upon approval from the ministry of education in Palestine.

Access to the targeted sample was restricted due to schools’ closure, limited accessibility to internet, frequent electricity blackouts, and concerns regarding keeping confidentiality of participants.

Due to these restrictions, a team from TCC was formed and field visits to schools in the 5 governates of Gaza were visited. Targeted samples were approached via phone and / or in person during their presence in schools. The team approached the participants to explain the objective of conducting this survey and assuring confidentiality of information shared.

In the period between Oct 11th ad Nov 5th, responses to 867 surveys were received and found valid to be used for statistical data.

Statistical methods appropriate to the nature of the data were used using excel, as an import tool to the collected electronic data. Then after, the results were discussed with skilled analysts from assigned authorities and the final statistical report was written and submitted to Amani on the 9th of November 2020.

Data Analysis (Conducted, calculated and formed by TCC Team) – Revised, rearranged and interpreted by amani

Targeted sample was composed of school principals, teachers, school educational and parents of students in the Gaza Strip.

1. Metadata

Targeted sample was composed of school principals, teachers, school educational and parents of students in the Gaza Strip.

  1. Categories of respondent participants

2. Respondents by Province

 The GovernatesNumber of respondents% of Respondents
Northern Gaza11013
Gaza33238
Central Gaza – Dair Al Balah14617
Khanyounis17220
Rafah10712
Total867100

3. Respondents by Guardian – Family member as the main source of income

GuardianNumber of Respondents% of Respondents
Family of mother and father57166
Single Father Guardian13816
Single Mother Guardian12414
Family Relative as Guardian293
Shelter / Orphanage51
Total867100

2. Specific Data – Content related to Infrastructure of Online Education

  1. Respondents by Accessibility to Internet at Home
Accessibility to Internet at HomeNumber of Respondents% of Respondents
With Access to Internet at Home64474
With no Access to Internet at Home22326
Total867100

2. Guardians Responses when asked “What will you do with your children education if schools were operated online for the academic year 2010-2021?”

Guardian’s Decision Regarding Children Online Education in 2020 – 2021Number of respondents  % of Respondents
Don’t Know what they will do511  59
Withdraw Children from School in 2020 – 2021. Children will continue school next year when operations go back to regular191      22
Will buy internet access to one child. Children Will alternate use of internet during school hours as time permits12214
Will buy internet connection with access to all children435
Total867100

3. Internet Specifications – Competency for Online Education

Internet SpecificationsNumber of Respondents% of Respondents
Dial Up Connection14322
Internet on Mobile Phone only10617
DSL Low Speed31048
Fiber High Speed8513
Total with access to internet (867 – 223)644100

3. Internet Specifications – Competency for Online Education

4. Number of electronic devices connected to the Internet that students can use simultaneously

Number of Devices with Access to Internet Children Can Use for Online Schooling SimultaneouslyNumber of Respondents% of Respondents
1 Device26841
2 Devices19230
3 Devices8313
4 Devices518
More than 4 Devices508
Total with access to internet (867 – 223)644100
5. Number of children living in the same house who are under the age of 18
Number of children living in the same house who are under the age of 18  Number of Respondents% of Respondents
1 Child8713
2 Children12219
3 Children15524
4 Children14623
More than 4 Children13421
Total with access to internet (867 – 223)644100
 
 
 
 

6. Ability of at least 1 adult at home to use the internet to access online education tools

7. Those who are unknowledgeable in accessing online education tools, can you support your children’s online learning with hiring adults to follow up with them?

8. Those who are knowledgeable in accessing online education tools, can you support your children’s online learning with explaining content?

9. Will electricity be a problem to stay connected to online schooling?

10. If electricity is a problem, do you have a private generator replacement?

Number of children living in the same house who are under the age of 18  Number of Respondents% of Respondents
Solar System355
Private Generator152
Community Generator DS10617
UPS Battery Charger12019
No Other Options36857
Total with access to internet (867 – 223)644100
  
  
  
  
 

11. Do you receive any support from the ministry of education to assure access to online learning?

12. For those who receive support from the ministry to assure access to online education, choose one or more of the following choices that best describes the support you receive?

Type of Support received from MoEHE to assure access to online education  Number of Respondents% of Respondents out of 68
Training on using technology 34.4
Financial913,2
Printed Self-learning materials, study material, supporting worksheets, learning cards …etc5682.3
Supply of electronic devices913.2
Academic Support4058.8
Special Services (counseling, therapy … etc.)811.7
68 Total Number of Families Receiving MoEHE Support125 (Some receive more than 1 service) 

3. Challenges faced in which delayed conducting the Survey

  1. Communication with staff was difficult due to the lockdown and unavailability of internet caused by long term and frequent blackouts of electricity.
  2. Communication with parents was difficult due to closure of schools.
  3. The TCC team decided to conduct filed visits, to physically reach staff and parents upon appointment.
  4.  illiteracy or limited literacy of parents and many teachers made filling the survey electronically a challenge. Weeks passed by until alternative ways were arranged
  5. Limited or absent internet access to many parents and staff members
  6. Many parents required one to one assistance in filling the survey, which required time

Published by Amani Al Amad أماني العمد

Writer - Traveler - Educator - A wife & a mom ... along with being a Lover of justice and beauty ... كاتبة ... سائحة .. مُعلّمة .. زوجة وأم ... وعاشقة العدل والجمال

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